Providing the platform for people to connect to the internet using a mobile or digital device is what internet access is all about. This is most important to gain access to internet services like browsing the web, checking emails and other communication applications.

Internet access is usually offered by licensed or authorized agencies known as internet service providers (ISPs). What started out in the 1990s when dial-up internet access was mostly used has grown to become a multi-billion dollar industry with super-fast speed broadband and wireless internet access. In 2014, it has been reported that broadband is the main standard with average connection speed at over 4Mbit/s.

High Speed Internet

When it comes to internet access, the speed is always an issue talked about. This is usually defined in terms of bit rates and measured in seconds. In this case, the higher the bit rate, the faster the speed which means that downloading and uploading are both faster.

In the 1990s, internet access was only at 64 kbit/s and that was considerably fast. Today, broadband internet access has changed the landscape. Internet service providers are competing frantically to garner as much market as possible by providing higher internet speed that could go up to 20Mbit/s.

Congestion and Fair Use

One of the biggest issue with any broadband or cable internet access is network congestion. While you can be connected up to 10Mbit/s, it does not mean that you will be using the full bandwidth. As such, it is very common for the network infrastructure to be shared among the users. This is still very much up to the discretion of the service provider.

This means that an aggregation strategy will be implemented where users are given access to their full connection speed at certain periods of time. However, when too many users are connected (thereby known as peak hours) at a given time, it could lead to overloading of the bandwidth. Hence, the provider could throttle back the bandwidth intentionally to free some for other users.

Availability

Availability of internet access today is very different from previous years. LANs are available in offices and schools while users demand to be provided with internet access all the time. Wi-Fi is where smartphones and laptops can tap into the network and enjoy services. This has become quite common in hotels, public areas and on transportation.

Meanwhile, you will find Wi-Fi access at coffeeshops, cafes and restaurants too. For smartphone users, having access to the mobile network means they have data access to stream internet services directly to their phones.

Fiber Technologies

This is one of the most recent type of technology implemented for internet access. Fiber-to-home is perhaps the most popular as the internet service providers connect devices through using optical fiber platforms.

Because of this, broadband internet access is now available in homes, corporate companies and any other locations. With super high-speed access, the premise owner can now sub the services through Wi-Fi routers, additional hubs and other repeaters so that internet services can be shared and enjoy among those who are in the vicinity.